Food from India offers a unique blend of different regional tastes that are native to the country of India. The different cuisines will vary according to the different climates, soil types, different items that are grown in different places and what is available. Local Indian food, meats, herbs, fruits and vegetables have a lot to do with the varied tastes.
Situations such as historical invasions and trade agreements with other nations have also influence Indian tastes and dishes. An interesting event was the introduction of the potato by the Portuguese, who also shared breadfruit and chilies. The spice trade, and in particular pepper and cinnamon, helped to influenced Europe to pursue the Age of Discovery.
Today, a staple diet of Indian people consists of pearl millet, or bajra, rice, whole-wheat flour and different lentils. Lentils can be used whole or they can be de-husked. A very popular lentil is split lentil. Also popular items include chickpeas, kidney beans, lobiya and mung, which can be processed into flour.
Sesame oil, sunflower and soybean oils, and vegetable oils are used in dishes as well. The leading flavorings and spices that are used are black mustard seed, chilli pepper, cardamom, cumin, turmeric, ginger, garlic and coriander.
An ingredient called garam masala is very popular as a powder that consists of five or more spices that are dried, containing cinnamon, cardamom, and cloves. Dishes that are sweet in nature are sweetened with saffron, cardamom, nutmeg and essence of rose petal.
Many people from India do not eat beef, as that would violate their Hindu religion. There are many Indian dishes that include chicken, more to cater to the taste of the British. The Chicken Tikka Masala is very popular, and is noted as a true British Indian dish and you can buy Indian groceries online uk on lots of websites across the net.
There are many varieties of regional dishes, but the overall appeal of Indian cuisine is based upon the rich spices and flavorings that abound throughout the land.